Photo: Dennis Pennington, Bioenergy Educator. Sweet sorghum is a promising target for biofuel production. Sweet sorghum is a potential biofuel crop because it is capable of producing high yields of ethanol from a combination of easily fermentable sugars and lignocellulosic bagasse. Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop in . The diversion of crop land for cultivation of sweet sorghum does not … Fields with irrigation should have higher populations than non-irrigated fields. Sweet sorghum packs punch for Arizona’s biofuels industry Known as the sugarcane of the desert, sweet sorghum could be a sustainable and ecological future biofuel crop for Arizona. Sweet sorghum is a leading potential biofuel feedstock that can be produced in South African's water‐limiting conditions under marginal lands. Sweet Sorghum biofuel research at OSU seeks to offer economically viable options January 1, 2013 | Meghan Sapp In Oklahoma, Danielle Bellmer, an associate professor at Oklahoma State University, has received funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, United Sorghum Checkoff Program, Oklahoma Bioenergy Center and the South Central Sun Grant Program to develop biofuels from sweet sorghum. Bradley, K., L. Sweets, W. Bailey, and J. Wrather. Drying fuel and electricity can be deleted from the budget. “Arizona is one of the places where we can grow sweet sorghum very efficiently, so the Department of Energy has funded this research for the past two years.”. Unless a harvesting machine is developed to squeeze juice on-the-go and re-deposit stalks and leaves in the field, a significant amount of P and K will be removed in the biomass. Ideally, each sweet sorghum farm would have its own processing facility. The energy gain from sweet sorghum is substantially more than the energy used in production. be-info@email.arizona.edu “Sweet sorghum is supposed to be a drought-tolerant crop. Juerg, B., W. Thompson, W. Rooney, and B. Bean. Sweet Sorghum: A New Smart Biofuel Crop that Ensures Food Security : May 19, 2008 PATANCHERU, India : In these days of soaring food prices worldwide , imagine a crop that provides food, livestock feed and biofuel. Under favorable growing conditions, sorghum can produce high biomass yields with low rates of nitrogen fertilizer. The UA has multiple agricultural research facilities; Slack and his team are working on their sweet sorghum project at the Red Rock Agricultural Center, a 320-acre facility 40 miles north of Tucson. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of sorghum which have a high sugar content. This project integrates all three of those missions,” says Slack. Sweet sorghum could be grown on about half of this land. Most sweet sorghum varieties planted in the United States today were developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station at Meridian, Mississippi. Handbook No. In India and other places, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. International Year of Planet Ea rth, 5–9 October 2008, Houston, Texas. Indian Institute of Millet Research to Use Sweet Sorghum to Boost Ethanol Production (New Indian Express) Sweet sorghum is a variety of sorghum or jowar/jonna, which has high sugar levels in its stalk … Southern Plant Nutrition Management Conf. The seed heads on sweet sorghum are located on the top of the stalks. In Texas, sorghum varieties are being bred to produce high biomass yields (Juerg et al., 2009). Nebraska. Obviously, the higher the sugar content in the stalks, the higher the potential ethanol yield. As a leading public research university, the University of Arizona is working hard to answer this question through pioneering research in alternative fuels. “The Department of Energy is very interested in alternative energy – in particular, biofuels,” says Slack. Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop in . It is a C4 crop with low input requirements and accumulates high levels of sugars in its stalks. It is harnessing that curiosity and passion in his students that Slack sees as the core of his work. For P and K recommendations, collect soil samples and send them to a soil laboratory. Global View of Biofuel Butanol and Economics of Its Production by Fermentation from Sweet Sorghum Bagasse, Food Waste, and Yellow Top Presscake: Application of Novel Technologies . Most of sweet sorghum models for biofuel production use either gasification or fermentation to process plant material into biofuel. Indo-US Biofuels Research Project - The second generation biofuels consortium will focus on development of sustainable, advanced lignocellulosic biofuel … However, the biofuel syndrome of plant architecture (leaves, root, and stem), flowering time and bioconversion efficiency, their genetic components and how these traits can be modulated as potential routes to optimize sweet sorghum for biofuel … To maintain high sugar content in the stems, remove the seed heads “when the seed is in the late milk stage” (Bitzer, 2009). Generally, target plant population should be 60,000 to 100,000 plants per acre. Unfortunately, this facility closed in 1983. The statement “all biomass is local” also applies to sweet sorghum feedstock. Sweet sorghum is an excellent source for the production of biofuel and green energy. However, this crop may someday have another use in the Commonwealth — as a bioenergy crop. 2009. Sweet sorghum can be used the the production of biofuels in two ways. An international group called the Sweet Sorghum Ethanol Association was organized in 2007 to promote sweet sorghum crop management practices and technologies to make ethanol and bio-derivatives. Although sweet sorghum is primarily grown to produce sorghum syrup, it can also be used as a feedstock for biofuel. Integrated pest management (IPM) practices should be used to control insects in sweet sorghum. The vinasse, which is a mixture of dead yeast and plant material after fermentation, can be composted and sold for fertilizer. Sweet sorghum is a "smart" crop, providing grain for human consumption, stover for fodder and juicy stalks for use in biofuel production. In favorable environments, sweet sorghum … -- LSU AgCenter scientists are researching efficient means for processing energycane and sweet sorghum for use in biofuels. University of Missouri Extension M171. Such a combination of talents and areas of expertise is absolutely essential for the success of an effort of this scope and complexity. Sweet sorghum is an excellent source for the production of biofuel and green energy. Besides having rapid growth, high sugar accumulation, and biomass production potential, sweet sorghum has wide adaptability (Reddy and Sanjana 2003). That isn’t happening yet in the United States, which is more attached to corn, but the federal energy and agriculture … Dr. Morris Bitzer calculated that corn has an energy efficiency of 1:1.8, while sweet sorghum has an efficiency of 1:8 (personal communication, 2009). Before planting, sweet sorghum seed was treated with fluxofenin herbicide seed safener to minimize crop injury. Switchgrass and sweet sorghum fertilization for bioenergy feedstocks. Sweet sorghum is also more water-efficient: sugarcane consumes two and a half units of water to produce one unit of ethanol, whereas sweet sorghum produces one unit of ethanol from one unit of water. U.S. Dept. Sweet sorghum will thrive under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, … Stalks of sweet sorghum contain fermentable sugars in the sap equal to 400-600 gallons of ethanol per acre. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a C4 crop in the grass family, and is characterized by a high photosynthetic efficiency. http://extension.missouri.edu/seregion/Crop_Budgets_PDF&Excell/Grain_Sorghum.pdf, Energy Answers for the Beginning Farmer and Rancher, NEWBio Team Defines Human Systems Driving the Bioeconomy Transition, NEWBio Harvest, Preprocessing, and Logistics Team Optimizes Biomass Supply Chain Processes, NEWBio Feedstock Improvement Team Breeds Better Switchgrass and Willow for the Bioeconomy. Ethanol Production from the Stem Juice of Different Sweet Sorghum Cultivars in the State of Pernambuco, Northeast of Brazil E. Dutra, A. G. B. Neto, R. B. Souza, M. A. M. Morais Júnior, J. N. … To design a sustainable production system, apply enough fertilizer to offset crop removal or spread the bagasse and vinasse back on the field. Most sorghum syrup farmers remove seed heads using cutters mounted on high clearance spray equipment. In addition, sweet sorghum has a °Brix or estimated fermentable sugar of 9 percent, and as the fermentable sugar of sweet sorghum increases, wherein studies show results higher than the estimated 9 percent, the more viable the ethanol’s country production using sweet sorghum becomes. Missouri pest management guide: corn, grain sorghum, soybean, and winter wheat. In favorable environments, sweet sorghum varieties can grow 14 feet tall and produce 20 to 50 tons of biomass (fresh weight) per acre. Consult manufacturers to be sure they can be applied on sweet sorghum. Sweet sorghum could … Indeed (Murray et al. “Sweet Sorghum in some ways is similar to corn,” says Don Slack, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Biosystems Engineering. Charlotte Niemiec is OFI’s editorial assistant The companies intend to work together to support the introduction of sweet sorghum as a source of fermentable sugars at Brazil’s 400 or more ethanol mills. Sweet sorghum was compared with corn [Zea mays (L.)] and grain sorghum for potential ethanol yield, energy use efficiency, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at seven dryland site‐years in Nebraska.Seasonal rainfall ranged from approximately 340 to 660 mm. The United States, the world’s largest sorghum producer, is organizing a conference this year on using sorghum as biofuel. Several herbicides are labeled for grain and forage sorghum. Corn also requires a fair amount of water. When it comes to discussing the potential of sweet sorghum in the biofuels production process, we share in the excitement. The need to immediately squeeze the juice out creates logistical challenges in harvesting and transporting stalks for sugar extraction and conversion. Courtesy of University of Arizona Cooperative Extension. It’s a favorite part of what I do.”, 1177 E. 4th Street, Shantz Building, Room 403, Tucson, AZ, USA 85721-0038 Global Biofuels Ltd. (RC 679588), is implementing a project to convert the juice from the stalk of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) to ethanol. Four important varieties from that station are Theis, Keller, Dale, and M81E. Nutrient crop removal for sweet sorghum is similar to forage sorghum. Yield of sweet sorghum varieties at Blairsville, Georgia, and Quicksand, Kentucky.1. Jan 08, 2021 (The Expresswire) -- "Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry." Sweet sorghum diseases are best controlled by rotating fields with non-grass crops such as soybean and by planting disease-resistant sweet sorghum varieties. Some recent reports have raised concerns that the cultivation of certain biofuel … Xie Fenzhou, Sugar accumulation law in stem Juice of sweet sorghum, Liaoning Agricultural Science .1989.5 4.2. The stalk and seed are used directly for biomass energy and their high sugar content allows them to be fermented to make ethanol. Other … For the biofuels industry, sweet sorghum offers compelling options – if the hybrids work eco - nomically and the adoption is there. Dr. Ismail Dweikat at Nebraska is developing sweet sorghum cultivars with increased cold tolerance. http://nssppa.org/. (http://extension.missouri.edu/seregion/Crop_Budgets_PDF&Excell/Grain_Sorghum.pdf). Seeds are small, … Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop: Where are we now? of Agr. A stand of sweet sorghum being tested for biofuel production in Mozambique. As a land grant university, the UA has a mission to serve the state, the country and the world. The initiative is the product of research on sorghum … Although there are major obstacles in terms of yield and production of biofuel from sweet sorghum, with time it may possibly replace the huge share of the fossil fuels’ requirement to meet the rising energy demand. ASA-CSSA-SSSA. With less need for nitrogen fertilizer and its incredibly drought-tolerant nature, it is a much more affordable and viable option than corn for fuel production. Various review works based on the … 38-45 Proc. 2009. The author is grateful to Dr. Morris Bitzer, professor emeritus, at the University of Kentucky for providing advice and information for this article. Abstract. Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production ... NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 are the sweet sorghum cultures identified by the "All IndiaCoordinated sorghum improvement project at National level". Considering the energy challenges we face in the United States, the research Slack and his team are doing is of interest to a great many people and organizations, from private industry all the way up to the federal government. By BETSY BLANEY, Associated Press Writer. Sorghum biomass is burned by fast pyrolysis to produce syngas, bio-oil, and charcoal. Sweet sorghum is similar to grain sorghum but with sugar-rich stalks and the ability to use water efficiently. E-Mail; Print “As a scientist, I am focusing on some very important problems to our world like food security, water security and also energy security,” says Martinez. Corn (left) and sweet sorghum (right) at the Kellogg Biological Station in Hickory Corners, Michigan. University of Florida led team will participate in a five year, $125 … http://www.agbioworks.org/regional.cfm. 6-7 Oct. Olive Branch, MS. Tripp, S., R. Powell, and P. Nelson. Stalks of sweet sorghum contain fermentable sugars in the sap equal to 400-600 gallons of ethanol per acre. However, sorghum is less cold tolerant than corn. The bagasse can be used to feed livestock or pelletized to burn. Fungicide seed treatments can be used to reduce seedling disease infestation. To estimate sugar content in juice, use a refractometer to make Brix (%) measurements. Latest potent biofuel made from Sweet sorghum sap. Sweet sorghum … Photo: Larry Rana, USDA; Wikimedia Commons. 1-5 Nov. Pittsburgh, PA. Stevens, G., R. Holou, D. Dunn, and A. Wrather. Dr. Mike Ackerson describes the process and benefits of making gasoline quality biofuel from sweet sorghum. Sweet sorghum is an efficient user of nitrogen fertilizer. One challenge is that, upon harvest, sugars rapidly degrade. Westbrook. Brix numbers from 14 to 20% would be considered acceptable levels for harvesting. Sweet sorghum could be grown on about half of this land. The San Carlos Apaches and the Yaqui tribes have expressed interest in growing sorghum. In this regard, the concept of super sweet sorghum ideotypes is proposed to stimulate discussion on how to combine the various biofuel syndromes to design the genomes of sweet sorghum hybrids for the various climatic zones. To utilize the bagasse for feeding, cattle should be in the vicinity. production methods, and the land cover prior to sweet sorghum cultivation (Ko¨ppen et al., 2009). Biofuel Others The Sweet Sorghum Ethanol market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). USDA Agr. “The land grant university has three very specific, important missions: education, research and extension. In 2007, the University of Kentucky and the University of Nebraska jointly released a male-sterile hybrid named KNMorris. For sweet sorghum, you will probably reduce the nitrogen fertilizer and increase the potassium and phosphorus fertilizer relative to grain sorghum. Wednesday, May 14, 2008. Most of sweet sorghum models for biofuel production use either gasification or fermentation to process plant material into biofuel. “But it’s a much more drought tolerant, heat tolerant plant.”. In this system, the synthetic gas and bio-oil are used for transportation fuel, and the charcoal is applied to fields to improve soil structure. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. Dale is resistant to most diseases. The report includes region-wise market size for the period 2015-2026. Sweet sorghum is the same species (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as grain sorghum. It is hoped that this will change in the near future. Although sweet sorghum is primarily grown to produce sorghum syrup, it can also be used as a feedstock for biofuel. Sweet sorghum is also much more water-efficient than most biofuel crops. The syrup sweet sorghum (Figure 1), so it is the most suitable which needs storage for using during off season needs crop for ethanol production using for biofuel comparing to concentrate to minimum 65 brix (normally 85 brix). Research report: Early deheading of sweet sorghum. Normally, the fibrous parts of the plant are discarded after juicing. Soils were deep with medium … The study found that sweet sorghum is comparable if not better than sugarcane for ethanol production. Sweet sorghum is the same species (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as grain sorghum. For gasification to be economically feasible, small-scale pyrolysis systems are needed. During World War II, when sugar was rationed, bootleggers used the juice of sweet sorghum to make moonshine. Belum VS Reddy, P Srinivasa Rao, A Ashok Kumar, P Sanjana Reddy, P Parthasarathy Rao, Kiran K Sharma, Michael Blummel and Ch Ravinder Reddy International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India. A group of researchers led by Purdue University scientists believes sweet and biomass sorghum would meet the need for next-generation biofuels to … Photo: Dennis Pennington, Bioenergy Educator. Memphis Bioworks Foundation and BioDimensions. Pinal Energy currently imports corn from the Midwest, so they are quite interested in the potential for locally produced sweet sorghum. However, sweet sorghum seed and equipment costs will be higher than grain sorghum. “We’re here to educate students, and the byproduct of our educating students is the research,” he says. Below is a budget by David Reinbott, extension agricultural economist at the University of Missouri. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. 2009. “We need to have chemical engineers who understand how the materials can be refined into a product, and we need agricultural engineers who can work with machinery to extract the juices and process the materials.”. In Texas, sorghum varieties are being bred to produce high biomass yields (Juerg et al., 2009). Chinch bugs are usually worse in drought conditions, and worms cause the most damage in late-planted sorghum fields. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Biomass type sorghum was superior to sweet type as non-food ethanol feedstock. Paper presented at the 2008 Joint Annual Meeting, Celebrating the . Freeman, K.C., D.M. 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